Guatemala San Carlos

$18.75

12 oz. bag
Tasting Notes: Caramel, Cherry, Lemon

Description

San Carlos is a 16 hectare farm owned by the same producers of Villa Estela and San Ignacio. These three farms are historic farms located amongst the ruins, tiendas and restaurants of downtown La Antigua, Guatemala. Carlos Durán was the founder of these farms in 1850 and has passed them down through generations. They are now owned by Ana Maria and Estela Durán, and the three farms have been managed for over 50 years by Jorge Alberto Zamora. He was actually born on the San Carlos farm and has watched many of the plants on this farm grow from seedling to adult. His father
before him also managed the farms for 65 years.

The main cultivar found on this farm is 100 to 135 year old Bourbon varietals. The varietals have been grown and managed in a way that at a certain height, they bend and grow towards the ground, many with the tops now touching the ground. This method is so that the harvesters are able to reach all of the cherries without stunting the growth of this precious varietal.

The trick to keeping this varietal productive for so long is by alternating between plants harvested every year. The natural cycle of a coffee plant is to produce every two years; however, humans have been able to stress the plants to produce every year. On San Carlos the plants remain productive and live longer by allowing plants to rest each year between production. Also the stripping the plants of every leaf and cherry at the end of the harvest season helps keep their ancient Bourbons healthy and productive. Aside from Bourbon, San Carlos also produces 40 year old Caturra and Catuaí varietals.

The main shade tree used on San Carlos is Gravilea. They prune the trees once every 10 years allowing the trees to grow higher than those found on traditional Antigua farms. The taller shade trees help protect the plants from the frost characterised by the cool Antigua nights, while allowing a breeze to pass through the plantation to keep a lower level of humidity.

12oz. bag
Tasting Notes: Caramel, Cherry, Lemon